For discriminating patients who prefer to explore both surgical and non-surgical options


Alternative Injection Therapy

General term for non-cortisone alternatives including prolotherapy, PRP, and stem cell.

Cortisone Injections

Traditional injection to relieve pain, swelling, inflammation from joints or tendons. Need to limit frequency and number of injections to mitigate harmful side effects.


Non-cortisone joint injection (mostly for knees) with high concentration of thick proteins that are a component of natural joint fluid; objective is to improve comfort for a period of months, fewer adverse side effects compared to cortisone.


Alternative to cortisone; dextrose has fewer side effects; requires a series of about 4 injections; no significant side effects.

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)

Created from a centrifuged concentrate from a blood draw; concentrating natural healing and growth factors and injecting into injury site

Regenerative Medicine

Regenerative medicine is a general term to describe the newer science of biologic alternatives (such as PRP, stem cells, prolotherapy, etc.) to facilitate natural tissues to re-grow.

Stem Cell Therapy

Harvesting patients’ own cells from either bone marrow, or from fat; processing to concentrate the progenitor stem cells and injecting those into the injury; these cells become new tissue of the desired type.

Minimally Invasive Orthopedic Treatments

Consultations / Second Opinions

Legal Consultations

Bureau of Workers Compensation